A bluethroat trying to imitate a brambling (heard initially). At the fourth or fifth attempt he hits the keynote but the ring is still not perfect. Do the final shouts express satisfaction or dissatisfaction?

Four kilometers north Nordsätern, Härjedalen, June 9 (?) 2012. Shot with a Canon XL-H1A + a Canon FD 100-300 mm lens + a Telinga Pro 5 parabole with stereo DAT mic. Sonogram from Izotope RX. The background noise is the river Storån.

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